Although spinal tumors usually begin elsewhere, reaching to the spine through blood or lymph, or direct spread, tumors develop from the spine bones itself can also rarely be seen. Tumors that develop from the bones of the spine are bone tumors that can also occur in other parts of the body. These tumors can be both benign and malignant. Tumors that spread from the elsewhere of the body to the spine are usually malignant. Tumors grow towards the spinal canal and cause symptoms of compression in the spinal cord. In addition, tumors can lead to collapse and fracture of the vertebrae by holding the spine body.
For the decision of treatment of the patient that is diagnosed with a spinal tumor, the patient’s detailed medical history is required. Patient’s examination and detailed radiological investigation are required. Treatment planning can be done accurately by determining the tumor type in advance by biopsy.
A biopsy is usually performed under general anesthesia and in the operating room. Pathological examination of the tumor is performed by taking a piece from the tumor.
Pain in the spine caused by devastated bone
The collapse of the vertebrae due to the tumor may cause symptoms of nerve compression
Pain and numbness in the arms and legs due to spinal cord compression
The weakness of arms and legs due to spinal cord compression
Bladder or defecation problems due to spinal cord compression
Direct spread of a tumor elsewhere in the body to the spine
Dissemination of a distant tumor through the blood or lymph
Growth of tumors that occurred in the spine canal
Tumors that develop from the spine bones
Possible Treatment Options
Non-surgical treatment methods: Drug and radiation therapy may be required in some cases.
Surgical treatment often requires the removal of the tumor and the affected bone region. When the tumor is removed, a metal cage bone or cement is placed instead to support the spine. If the tumor spreads and enters the canal and presses the spinal cord, the part that surrounds the spinal cord from behind that called lamina is also surgically removed. By the way, when the spine joints are removed, the spine is fixed with screw and rod systems. Depending on the location of the tumor, the rib cage and the abdomen may need to be opened.
Those patients who have malignant tumors should be followed closely for recurrence. In addition, patients with screws and rods should also be followed closely.