Movement Disorders and Neurostimulator

These diseases occur as a result of disruptions in the centers that regulate the movement. Involuntary movements and stiffness can be observed in the arms and legs of the patients. Neurostimulator may be placed to the patients who do not respond to medication. At this time, it is aimed to reduce the complaints of the patients by placing the neurostimulators to the areas which have disorders and discontinuing the medicines that are used.

Symptoms

These patients are usually drug-treated patients by the neurologist who do not respond to medication. The first symptoms of the diseases may be movement difficulties or involuntary movements in different parts of the body, difficulty in walking, speech disorders, difficulty in swallowing, hallucinations.

Diagnosis

Although the diagnosis is usually made with clinical findings, having an MRI is mandatory.

Treatment

Medical treatment: These patients are prescribed medication during initial diagnosis. Patients who do not respond to medication or patients who do not want to take medication (e.g. tremor) can undergo surgery.

Surgical therapy: Certain centers of the brain that have disorders can be operated to stimulate centers by attaching electrodes. Before the operation is started, MRI is had by placing a frame on the patient’s head and points to place stimulators are planned. Following this, two small incisions in the head and a small hole in the head bone are opened. The electrodes are placed from these small holes to the planned points. Then these electrodes are connected to the stimulator and the stimulator is placed in the subcutaneous chest.